Ipuwer


Ipuwer
Literary 'sage' c.1786-1633 BC (?).
    The text known as the Admonitions of a Prophet (preserved in a Nineteenth Dynasty papyrus in Leyden) descibes a time of chaos and devastation in Egypt, when law and order broke down, the fortunes of the rich and poor were reversed, and groups of foreigners (the '*Asiatics') entered Egypt. The aged king, protected from the true horrors of the situation by his courtiers, remained at his palace and was unaware of the social and political upheaval that was tearing his realm apart. However, a sage arrived at the palace; this was Ipuwer, who proceeded to relate these events to the king and urged that the only way to return to peace was through personal piety and a renewed reverence for the gods. There are no other facts which relate to Ipuwer's status or background although, from details in the text, it has been suggested that he was a treasury official who had come to the Court to report on the depletion of the treasury in the Delta.
    This text is of great literary and historical interest and has much in common with other pieces (such as the 'Prophecy of *Neferti') in the genre known as the Pessimistic Literature. It has long been surmised that this text describes events which occurred at the end of the Old Kingdom, when centralised government based at Memphis collapsed and chaos ensued—a situation exacerbated by the declining power of the king, *Pepy II, who ruled for over ninety years. There are other interpretations, however, which claim that it reflects conditions at a different period—the Thirteenth Dynasty, when the Middle Kingdom was collapsing prior to the *Hyksos invasion of Egypt. Another explanation is that it does not relate to any specific period but that it is a literary form which sets out to explore, through poetry, the themes of national disaster and of order versus chaos. This provided the opportunity to emphasise that, in order to ensure stability and good government, a strong and vigorous king was essential to the Egyptian political system.
BIBL. AEL i. pp. 149-162; Gardiner, A.H. The Admonitions of an Egyptian Sage from a Hieratic papyrus in Leiden (Pap. Leiden 344 recto). Leipzig: 1909; Faulkner, R.O. Notes on 'The Admonitions of an Egyptian sage'. JEA 50 (1964) pp. 24-36. Notes on the Admonitions of an Egyptian sage. JEA 51 (1965) pp. 53-62.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
* * *
   The ostensible author of a text of wisdom literature composed during the late Middle Kingdom that describes Egypt in a state of chaos. While this has been taken as a reference to a historical event, it is now regarded as simply a literary device.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ipuwer — ▪ Egyptian sage       ancient Egyptian sage who is known because of the discovery of one poorly preserved manuscript relating his speech to the king and the royal court. Ipuwer s manuscript, often called “The Admonitions of an Egyptian Sage,” is… …   Universalium

  • Ipuwer Papyrus — The Ipuwer Papyrus is a single papyrus holding an ancient Egyptian poem, called The Admonitions of Ipuwer[1] or The Dialogue of Ipuwer and the Lord of All.[2] Its official designation is Papyrus Leiden I 344 recto.[3] It is housed in the Dutch… …   Wikipedia

  • Ipuwer-Papyrus — Der Papyrus Leiden 344 (auch Ipuwer Papyrus, Admonitions oder Klagen des Ipuwer) ist ein antiker ägyptischer Text auf Papyrus. Die offizielle Bezeichnung des Dokuments ist „Leiden Papyrus #344“, nach der Stadt Leiden in den Niederlanden, wo der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papyrus d'Ipuwer — Le papyrus d Ipuwer est un papyrus unique contenant un ancien poème égyptien, appelé Les Admonestations d Ipuwer[1], ou Le Dialogue d Ipuwer et du Seigneur de toutes choses. Sa dénomination officielle est Papyrus Leiden I 344 recto[2]. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Klagen des Ipuwer — Der Papyrus Leiden 344 (auch Ipuwer Papyrus, Admonitions oder Klagen des Ipuwer) ist ein antiker ägyptischer Text auf Papyrus. Die offizielle Bezeichnung des Dokuments ist „Leiden Papyrus #344“, nach der Stadt Leiden in den Niederlanden, wo der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pepi II Neferkare — Pepy, Phiops or Fiops Alabaster statue of Ankhesenmeryre II and her son Pepi II …   Wikipedia

  • Papyrus Leiden I 344 — Der Papyrus Leiden I 344 (auch Ipuwer Papyrus, The Admonitions of Ipuwer oder Klagen des Ipuwer) ist ein antiker ägyptischer Text auf Papyrus. Der Papyrus wird im Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in Leiden ausgestellt. Eine erste Edition brachte Alan… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ages in Chaos — is a book by the controversial writer Immanuel Velikovsky, first published by Doubleday in 1952, which put forward a major revision of the history of the Ancient Near East. A second volume was due for publication shortly after this but was… …   Wikipedia

  • Admonitions — Der Papyrus Leiden 344 (auch Ipuwer Papyrus, Admonitions oder Klagen des Ipuwer) ist ein antiker ägyptischer Text auf Papyrus. Die offizielle Bezeichnung des Dokuments ist „Leiden Papyrus #344“, nach der Stadt Leiden in den Niederlanden, wo der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papyrus Leiden 344 — Der Papyrus Leiden 344 (auch Ipuwer Papyrus, Admonitions oder Klagen des Ipuwer) ist ein antiker ägyptischer Text auf Papyrus. Die offizielle Bezeichnung des Dokuments ist „Leiden Papyrus #344“, nach der Stadt Leiden in den Niederlanden, wo der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.